Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Specialist

Greater Hartford Urology Group

Urologists & Erectile Dysfunction Specialists located in Hartford, CT & Enfield, CT

If you’re over 50 years old, there’s a 33% chance that you experience benign prostate enlargement, a common condition that can significantly impair your quality of life. Greater Hartford Urology Group are men’s health experts who treat benign prostate enlargement. If you’re experiencing signs of benign prostate enlargement, schedule a visit with us at one of our state-of-the-art clinics in Hartford, Enfield, or Glastonbury, Connecticut, by calling the office or booking an appointment online.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Q & A

What is benign prostate enlargement?

Benign prostate enlargement, otherwise known as benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH, is a condition characterized by a chronically swollen prostate. Your prostate is a small, muscular gland that wraps around your urethra. It’s responsible for the production of fluid in your semen and the muscular action that enables you to ejaculate during sexual climax.

BPH is different than prostate cancer, and the condition doesn’t make you any more or less likely to contract prostate cancer. In many patients, however, BPH can produce symptoms that impair quality of life.

What causes benign prostate enlargement?

It’s not exactly clear what causes benign prostate enlargement, but it’s common in men older than 80 years and is considered a normal condition of male aging. The hormonal changes and fluctuations that are a natural byproduct of aging might play a role, and it’s commonly seen in men who have a family history of prostate problems or testicle abnormalities.

What are the symptoms of benign prostate enlargement?

Because your prostate wraps around your urethra, many of the symptoms of benign prostate enlargement center around your urine, like:

  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate, especially at night (nocturia)
  • Trouble urinating
  • Prolonged dribbling when you finish urinating
  • Pain when you urinate or ejaculate
  • Blood in your urine, or darker urine
  • Foul-smelling urine
  • Incontinence, or leaking urine
  • Weak or interrupted urine stream

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, schedule a visit immediately.

What are the complications of benign prostate enlargement?

If left untreated, benign prostate enlargement can lead to serious complications, like:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Bladder stones
  • Kidney damage
  • Bleeding in your urinary tract

Benign prostate enlargement also makes it more difficult to fully empty your bladder, which can stretch your bladder and weaken its muscular walls. In some severe cases, benign prostate enlargement can cause bladder outlet obstruction, which is a complete inability to urinate. 

What are the treatments for benign prostate enlargement?

There are a few ways to treat your benign prostate enlargement. Your doctor will likely recommend starting out with conservative self-care treatments involving lifestyle changes, like:

  • Urinating as soon as possible when you feel the need
  • Trying to urinate regularly, even if you don’t have an urge to
  • Avoiding antihistamines, alcohol, and caffeine
  • Managing stress levels
  • Regularly exercising
  • Performing Kegel exercises

If your symptoms don’t respond to these lifestyle changes, your doctor might recommend medications like antibiotics, hormone reduction medications, or alpha-1 blockers, all of which can help to reduce the swelling in your prostate and improve urine flow.

If medications have proven ineffective, your doctor might suggest a surgery to treat your benign prostate enlargement, like:

  • High-intensity focused ultrasonography
  • Water-induced thermotherapy
  • Transurethral microwave therapy
  • Transurethral needle ablation
  • Simple prostatectomy
  • Transurethral incision of the prostate
  • Transurethral resection of the prostate

To learn more about your treatment options for benign prostate enlargement, schedule a visit Greater Hartford Urology Group today by calling one of our offices or booking an appointment online.